How Does Chinese Army Measure Against United States

Military Pact

China and the United States have a long history of both mutually beneficial business ventures and decades of bitter disagreements, but the current state of their relationship is unique in that it largely involves military cooperation. In 2015, the two countries signed a Military Pact that both addressed global security threats and formalized joint defense activities. The China-US Military Pact has been received positively by both countries and is seen as a necessary step forward in the creation of mutual understanding and trust between the two powerful nations.

Strengths of the Chinese Army

The Chinese Army is one of the largest and most powerful in the world, with an estimated 2 million active personnel and another 1 million reserves. It is no wonder that the Chinese military is viewed by many as the most formidable in the region. In terms of equipment, the Chinese forces are known for their high end artillery and air power capabilities, boasting state of the art aircraft such as the JH-7 fighter jet and the F-22 Raptor stealth bomber. As far as ships and submarines, the Chinese navy has made great strides in the past several years and is now considered one of the most formidable navies in the world.

Strengths of the United States

The US Army, in comparison to the Chinese military, is almost half the size, at only 1.4 million active personnel. However, its technological capabilities far exceed those of its Chinese counterpart. US armed forces have some of the most advanced and sophisticated military hardware in the world, from fighter jets such as the F-35 to its extensive nuclear arsenal. The US Navy also boasts an impressive fleet of up-to-date vessels and submarines, and is widely considered one of the most capable naval fleets of any nation.

Areas of Difference

Despite their similarities, there are certain areas in which the two armies differ significantly. For instance, the Chinese Army has placed significantly more emphasis on its ground forces, with almost twice as many active personnel on the ground than in the air. Conversely, the US Army has traditionally placed more emphasis on its air and naval forces, which makes sense in light of their traditional aircraft superiority and geographic advantages. Additionally, the US military has access to some of the most advanced and powerful nuclear weapons, while the Chinese military is more limited in this regard.

Comparative Analysis

Overall, when comparing the two armies based on size, technology and capabilities, it is clear that the US Army has the upper hand. However, China has made great strides in the past several decades and its military is now a formidable force in its own right. When considering the two countries together, they both have the potential to significantly alter the global balance of power.

Defense Spending Differences

The difference in military strength between the two countries is often attributed to the fact that the United States significantly outspends China when it comes to defense spending. In 2019, the US spent more than three times as much on its military than China, leading some to speculate that China will be forced to increase its defense budget to keep up with US military capabilities. China’s latest defense budget was reported to be around $167 billion, which is still far below US military spending levels.

Military Cooperation

Despite their differences, the two countries have managed to cooperate on numerous issues in the past and currently have a strong relationship with regards to military cooperation. In 2015, the two powers signed the Military Pact, which serves as the primary document outlining their mutual security interests. The cooperation between the two countries was further strengthened by the fact that they worked together on the United Nations Security Council to pass certain resolutions in recent years.

Social Factors

When it comes to military strength, it is important to not only consider the technical factors, but also the social ones. For example, the Chinese military has traditionally been successful, in large part, due to its social cohesion and the loyalty of its soldiers towards the state and their nation. This factor is often overlooked when compared to the United States, who instead rely heavily on their cutting edge hardware and equipment.

Stiff Competition

Despite their differences and current collaboration, it is clear that the US and Chinese armies are engaged in a high stakes game of global competition. As both nations continue to increase their defense spending and expand their militaries, it is likely that the competition will continue to increase. Ultimately, it is the citizens of both countries that bear the ultimate burden in terms of safety and security, and we can only hope that both nations continue their collaboration and work towards mutual worldwide peace and stability.

Military Tensions

The competition between the two nations is not without its share of tensions. The constant flexing of military muscle and posturing of both sides has often caused a sense of mistrust and uncertainty. Many of these tensions stem from the fact that the two nations are no longer engaged in direct military conflict, but instead are seen as strategic rivals in the region. Consequently, each nation has been forced to sharpen their military capabilities in order to remain competitive.


Technology has played a major role in the development of both militaries. Central to this is the introduction of advanced weapons systems, ranging from tactical nuclear weapons to unmanned aerial vehicles. Both countries have also made great strides in the development of cyber capabilities and are now seen as leading forces in the global information wars.

Geopolitical Strength

The current geopolitical landscape is heavily influenced by the US and China. Both countries have significant economic and political clout, and their military power serves to only further their prominence. As both nations continue their rivalry, it is likely that their position of strength in the region will only become more established.


As we move further into the 21st century, it is clear that the competition between the United States and China will only continue to escalate. Both nations will continue to invest heavily in their militaries and work towards becoming the strongest force in the region. Ultimately, military strength is not a battle that can be won or lost, and it is only through cooperation and understanding that the two countries can come to a lasting peace.

Letha Wimmer is a military expert with more than a decade of direct experience in the U.S. Army and National Guard. She specializes in researching and writing about the world's armies and their capabilities, equipment, capabilities, strategies, organizations, and operations. She holds a Bachelor of Science degree in Aviation from Middle Tennessee State University as well as an Aerial Firefighting Certificate and numerous other advanced aviation certifications. She also enjoys traveling to distant lands to gain firsthand knowledge about their military forces and has written extensively for various websites on the subject.

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